Tort Law - (noun)
A ‘tort’ is a ‘wrong’ in civil law (as opposed to criminal law). Someone who has been wronged should be compensated. It is separate from contract law’, however. It includes intentional infliction of emotional distress, negligence, financial losses, injuries, and invasion of privacy.
Source: Adapted from Wikepedia
Example of Use: The business faced tort litigation as it was accused of causing the claimant financial loss due to negligence.