Mandamus - (noun)
A writ (a written command from a court of law) from a superior court to an inferior court or to an officer, corporation, etc., commanding them to do or to abstain from doing something. In Latin ‘mandamus’ means ‘we command’ .
Source: Adapted from Business Dictionary
Example of Use: Writs of mandamus are used when a court refuses to reassign a case despite a clear conflict of interests.